Report #6903; 9/9/96 
Going on a low-fat diet that is also low in fiber and high in sugar 
can kill you.

Recent research from the University of California/ Berkeley and 
Rockefeller University show that low-fat diets can raise blood 
levels of saturated fats and cholesterol, and therefore increase 
your chances of suffering a heart attack. The researchers showed 
that the body readily converts acetate units in food to saturated 
fats in the bloodstream. This is extraordinary data because some of 
the people on low-fat, low-fiber diets were not fat and did not gain 
weight, but their livers still made large amounts of saturated fats 
that form plaques in arteries. Previous data show that high-fat 
diets increase your chances of dying from heart attacks and cancers. 
This recent data show that low-fat diets can also shorten your life 
if you do not eat extra fiber. 

So, a healthful diet should include lots of fruits, vegetables, 
whole grains and beans, and it should avoid high-fat foods, such as 
meat, chicken and whole milk diary products,/ and low-fiber foods 
such as all bakery products made from white flour. Instead of eating 
bread, macaroni, bagels, spaghetti, pretzels, rolls and low-fat 
pastries and pies, pastries and other products made from white 
flour, you should try to eat whole grains such as quinoa, amaranth, 
millet, wheat berries, rye berries, oat groats, buckwheat and kasha.

By Gabe Mirkin, M.D., for CBS Radio News 

Lisa Cooper Hudgins at Rockefeller University and Jules Hirsch at 
Rockefeller University Hospital.